Upcoming or Evolving Cybersecurity Regulations in Europe

The European Union creates new or updates cybersecurity regulations to enhance the protection of critical infrastructure and sensitive data against increasingly sophisticated cyber threats, ensuring the safety and stability of its digital economy. These regulations aim to harmonize cybersecurity standards across member states, improving resilience and response capabilities within the EU. Here are the important ones:

NIS2 Directive (Network Information Security)

Purpose: Update and strengthen the original NIS Directive to address evolving cyber threats.

Key Enhancements:

  • Broader scope covering more sectors (e.g., public administration, healthcare).
  • Stricter security and incident reporting requirements.
  • Enhanced cooperation between member states and the EU.
  • More rigorous enforcement mechanisms and penalties.

Visit NIS2 directive page in order to understand how CyberUpgrade helps organizations apply and maintain NIS2 cyber security measures effectively.

DORA (Digital Operational Resilience Act)

Purpose: Enhance the digital operational resilience of the financial sector.

Key Requirements:

  • Comprehensive ICT risk management frameworks.
  • Standardized ICT incident reporting procedures.
  • Regular resilience testing, including advanced threat-led penetration testing.
  • Management of third-party ICT risks.

Learn how CyberUpgrade helps Fintechs adapt DORA regulatory requirements faster and cheaper, moreover improving team engagement, visibility, continuity and vendor management.

Cybersecurity Act

Purpose: Establish a framework for European cybersecurity certification for ICT products, services, and processes.

Key Components:

  • EU-wide certification schemes.
  • Enhanced role of ENISA (European Union Agency for Cybersecurity) in certification and support to member states.
  • Promoting the use of certified products and services to improve security levels.

EU Data Act (Proposed)

Purpose: Regulate the use and access of data generated in the EU to foster a competitive data market and ensure data protection.

Key Provisions:

  • Rules on data access and sharing.
  • Data interoperability standards.
  • Protection of commercially sensitive information.

AI Act (Proposed)

Purpose: Regulate artificial intelligence to ensure it is safe, ethical, and respects fundamental rights.

Key Requirements:

  • Risk-based categorization of AI systems.
  • Compliance with specific requirements for high-risk AI systems, including robustness and cybersecurity measures.
  • Mandatory conformity assessments.

Cyber Resilience Act (Proposed)

Purpose: Ensure a high level of cybersecurity for digital products and services in the internal market.

Key Provisions:

  • Cybersecurity requirements for product design, development, and lifecycle management.
  • Mandatory vulnerability handling and disclosure processes.
  • Market surveillance to ensure compliance.


The landscape of cybersecurity regulations in Europe is dynamic and continuously evolving to address new challenges and threats. Organizations operating within the EU need to stay informed about these regulations to ensure compliance and maintain robust cybersecurity practices. Implementing recognized frameworks such as ISO/IEC 27001, NIST CSF, and others can help organizations align with regulatory requirements and enhance their overall security posture. Read more about frameworks here.

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